JUNE 2009

Team Leader: Bharat Shrestha, PhD Supports: Ms. Srijana Upreti, Pradeep Mahato

The Community Livestock Development Project (CLDP) was commenced from December 2005 for six years with loan from Asian Development Bank (ADB) so as toreduce incidence of poverty amongst rural poor through gender and socially inclusive approaches and to improve the levels of food security, nutrition, incomes and employment. The project comprises the five components- community development and capacity building; livestock productivity improvement; livestock processing and marketing; livelihoods pilot program for higher altitude districts; and project management services. The objective of the community development and capacity building is to capacitate all stakeholders to a level where they could contribute significantly to the project goal and purposes. The project has been implemented in 3 modules: (i) Intensive Livestock Production (ILP) programs in 22 districts[1]; (ii) Processing, Marketing and Commercialization in 21 Tarai districts[2] in addition to the emerging areas in the ILP districts; and (iii) Higher Altitude Livelihood pilot project in 5 districts[3]. The CLDP has worked on a livestock commodity group approach[4] basis under which it has provided a support fund for livestock development as “start up” input to farmer committees for animal transportation. It has also supported to construct and/or improve the animal pen/shed, established the veterinary drug fund for ensuring vet drug supply at community level, implemented livestock insurance scheme at the committee level, established “seed bank” for supporting the activities related to forage seed production, encouraged buffalo fattening system in the project area, and has promoted livestock and livestock products marketing and business promotion.

The DLSOs and NGOs have undertaken the district activities by involving beneficiary community in awareness building, social mobilization, gender awareness, group formation, livestock productivity improvement, farmer training, community-based livestock development assistance, and monitoring and evaluation. The NGOs have delivered social mobilization and training services to the participating beneficiaries over 2 to 3 years. The DLSOs in 22 ILP districts have had 166 contract agreements with local NGOs5 to facilitate goat pass on program during the last three years. Average number of NGOs mobilized per district was highest (8.14) in the western region, followed by the districts in the far western (4.0) and mid eastern regions (3.67). Maximum number of VDCs were covered by the NGOs in the far-western region (3.3), followed by western (2.86) and mid-western regions (2.1). The project has trained 206 employees of partner NGOs in social mobilization during the last three years.

As of fiscal year 2008/09, some 5,822 farmers groups comprising of 63,970 households were organized into 1,076 committees in which the women member constituted 39,830 (62.3 percent). The representation of Dalit and Janajati member households were 27.3 percent and 25.9 percent respectively. The rest (34.9 percent) represented other social category. In goat program, there were 42,072 households (71.8 percent women) with goat-pass-on program, of which Dalit is comprised of 34.2 percent and the Janajati 26.6 percent. These farmers were organized into 3,874 groups, which were further organized into 708 committees. To the end of fiscal year 2008/09, the project distributed a total of 28,386 goats at a rate of 3 goats per household on pass-on basis. The formation and development of farmers groups and committees are in a continuous process.

The project implementation has crossed over 3 years. Monitoring by different stakeholders and periodic assessment of the project activities have been a regular phenomenon. Particularly in the community development, capacity building and institutional development at the grassroots level, the field performance of the most of NGOs/CBOs, however, has been reported to be lower than expected. It has been indicated that the lower geographic coverage and correspondingly higher number of NGOs to be hired and lower contract amount has discouraged participation of qualified NGOs at district level. But this has not been authenticated yet.

Main objective of the study is to assess the status of institutional development of farmers groups and committees in terms of group growth principle by examining their capacity enhancement in organizational operation, social mobilization and managing on-going development processes. Specific objectives are to:
Assess contribution of partner NGO and DLSO in capacity enhancement of farmers groups and committees in operational management of their organization and development activities – planning and monitoring, addressing market driven needs, and soliciting required services.
Assess contribution on social mobilization by partner NGOs in leadership development, gender sensitization, and enhancing women’s participation and capacity at the local group level.

  • Assess the level and quality of services delivered by DLSO, partner NGO/CBOs in formation and strengthening of farmers groups and their committees.

  • Document the factors contributing to successes and failure of partner NGOs/CBOs in institutional capacity building of farmers groups in terms of group growth principles.
    Recommend strategies/policies and relevant action steps for further improvement of the NGO partnership program./font>

    1.Lamjung, Tanhun, Nawalparasi, Palpa – Lead Districts – Baglung, Gulmi, Arghakhanchi, Banke, Bardia, Surkhet, Pyuthan, Rolpa, Salyan, Rukum, Dailekh, Jajarkot, Kailali, Kanchanpur, Dadeldhura, Doti, Baitadi and Achham.

    2.Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari, Saptari, Siraha, Dhanusa, Mahotari, Sarlahi, Rautahat, Bara, Parsa, Chitwan, Makwanpur, Rupandehi, Kapilbastu, Dang, Kaski, Lalitpur, Kavre, Kathmandu and Nuwakot.

    3.Jumla, Humla, Mugu, Darchula and Bajhang.

    4.CLDP however emphasizes on area-based approach. PMU has developed operational guidelines and provided orientation to district staff for implementing CLDP approaches fully from NFY 2065/66 wok plan period.

    5.Number of NGOs in Western Region(52) with Arghakanchi-2,Baglung-3, Gulmi-15,Lamjung-9,Nawalparasi-9, Palpa-2, Tanahun-9; Mid-western Region(33) with Banke-3, Bardiya-5, Dailekh-4, Pyuthan-5,Rukum-3, Rolpa-3, Salyan-4, Surkhet-1 Jajjarkot-5; and Farwestern (34)with Achham-3,Baitadi-4, Dadeldhura-5, Kailali-2, Doti-3 and Kanchanpur-3.